Hungarian use case (Low organic matter)

The map shows where the region is situated in Hungary. The area is situated between two rivers, with the eastern and western borders being rivers. It is situated in the middle of Hungary.

Parts of Bács-Kiskun county

The region includes the Sand Plateau (Kiskunsági Homokhátság), known for its semi-desert terrain characterized by sandy soils. Within the economic landscape of this area, the primary agricultural focus centres on the cultivation of fruits, wine production, vegetable farming and food processing. The average farm size in this region typically falls within the range of 5 to 8 hectares, with the presence of farmsteads being a common and noteworthy feature.

This sandy soil is characterized by low (and decreasing) ground water level, low humus and nutrient content, as well as low nutrient retention capability.

The city of Kecskemét

The maps show a former orchard close to the city of Kecskemét. In 2023, 1 hectare of energy willow (Salix viminalis) and Virginia mallow (Sida hermaphrodita) is being cultivated. The location has a long history of horticultural and viticultural cultivation. The introduction of the new crops aims to reduce irrigation requirements, boost soil organic matter, and produce substrate for the oyster mushroom production.

Socioeconomic factors

Labor challenges – The region encompasses a growing aging population, widening salary disparities, and escalating costs. These issues are a result of labour-intensive practices, a diminishing younger generation’s involvement in farming, and the lure of competitive salaries in neighbouring industries.

Unknown market – Lack of predictability about market potential of the end product from the use case and the market environment can be changed.

For further details please consult this report Deliverable 1.1. Available marginal lands map with relevant stakeholders